How do you get HPV
The HPV is short of human papilloma a virus that affects both men and women. It can be transmitted through skin contact, mainly through sexual intercourse. The areas most affected by HPV are anus, vulva, penis and larynx. The manifestation of most occurring infection in men is the appearance of warts in the genital area . But even though the main means of transmission is sex, there may also be infection fomites, which is any object contaminated capable of transmitting disease, such as toilet, bikinis and bathroom showers. Contamination can also occur through the use of cutlery, towels and even seat collectives, such as bus, subway and train.
The HPV is directly linked to uterine cancer virus, which in turn is the second leading cause of death for women by tumor worldwide. The HPV is second only to breast cancer.
The virus can cause tumors (benign and malignant) inside the mouth and throat, though, there are more than thirty types of HPV that can affect genital areas of both men and women. In men, 40% of registered cases of penile cancer are due to virus infection Human Papillomavirus.
Forms of contagion
The virus HPV is highly contagious and can be transmitted with a single exposure. You can get HPV through sexual intercourse (including oral sex). According to the WHO, World Health Organization, nearly half of those who had sex with a partner infected with the virus developed symptoms of the virus within 90 days. Across the globe, there are about 600 million people infected with the human papilloma virus. In Brazil, it is estimated that about 10 million people are infected by the virus.
Through tests, you can know if there is infection of HPV . These tests are extremely important since most people do not show any symptoms of the virus, which makes it even more dangerous, as well, the transmission increases frightening and unconsciously, making the spreading of infection sneaky way. So it is as necessary to carry out periodic checks made by gynecologists, urologists and proctologists. Watch out, too, the appearance of warts and itchy genitals .
The HPV may disappear spontaneously, but once done positive diagnosis processing can be done with drugs or surgery.
To prevent, the procedure is the same for the protection from sexually transmitted diseases, i.e., using the condom.
For women, the examination of Pap smear or gynecological prevention is the most suitable, as it detects the changes that the papillomavirus can cause the cells.
Another form of prevention is vaccination against HPV . Two vaccines are registered in Brazil, both preventing against infection by two subtypes of the most prevalent cancer in Brazil and in the world, types 16 and 18.
Then follows the maxim of prevention in sexual intercourse, ever. The pleasure and responsibility go well, always together.